Comprehensive information about Canal Istanbul
The Istanbul Canal project is the largest project that the Turkish government is implementing and working to establish, and it is the era project described by some Turkish experts, and Istanbul Canal will be the bright and shining star in the sky of Istanbul, which will bring abundant good and huge profits to the country.
Where is the Istanbul Canal road? What is Canal Istanbul?
Within the scope of the Istanbul Canal project, approximately 6.149 meters of the canal corridor after Küçükçekmece Lake – Sazlidir Dam – Turkos East is located within the boundaries of the Küçükçekmece district in the state of Istanbul, about 3.189 meters within the boundaries of the Avcilar region, and about 6.061 meters within the boundaries of the district Basaksehir, and the remaining part of the canal, which is about 27.383 m within the borders of Arnavutköy district.
Canal Istanbul will be implemented on the European side of Istanbul. An artificial waterway will be opened between the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, in order to reduce ship traffic in the Bosphorus, and this passage will be the alternative passage between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. One of the two new cities will also be established by 2023 at the point where the canal meets the Marmara Sea.
The length of the channel will be between 40-45 km; And its width is between 145-150 meters at the surface, and about 125 meters at the base. The depth of the water is approximately 25 meters. Through this channel, the Bosphorus will be completely closed to tanker traffic, and two new peninsulas and a new island will be formed in Istanbul.
Canal Istanbul covers 30 million square meters of the new city, which is planned to be built on an area of 453 million square meters. As for the remaining area, it will be allocated to other areas in this project, such as the airport with an area of 78 million square meters, the districts of Ispartakule and Bahçeşehir with an area of 33 million square meters, roads of 108 million square meters, the division of lands with an area of 167 million square meters, and the common green areas with an area of 37 Million square meters.
The project study takes approximately two years. The excavated land will be used to build the airport and the large port, to fill in the closed quarries and mines.
The goal of the Istanbul Canal project
The Bosphorus, which passes about 43,000 ships annually, is a natural waterway with its narrowest point at 698 meters. The increase in the tonnage of ships and the increase in the size of the ship as a result of technological developments and the increase in transit of ships (tankers), especially fuel and other dangerous / toxic materials, constitute a great pressure and a threat to Istanbul.
In the Bosphorus, there are sharp turns and strong currents, and sea traffic in urban areas, intersecting sharply with the traffic of transiting ships threatening transport through the waterways.
Hundreds of thousands of residents live on both sides of the Bosphorus. Which is a place of commerce, life and transit for millions of Istanbul residents during the day. So the Bosporus is becoming more dangerous every year, in terms of the risks posed by ship traffic.
The annual number of ship crossings, which was 3-4 thousand 100 years ago, has increased to 45-50 thousand today. Due to the one-way traffic regulation in place to increase the safety of navigation, the average waiting time in the Bosphorus for large ships is about 14.5 per vessel hour. The waiting period can sometimes take up to 3-4 days, or even weeks, depending on vessel traffic and weather conditions, and sometimes due to an accident or breakdown.
In this context, planning an alternate passage to the Bosphorus has become mandatory. With the Istanbul Canal, a safe journey for our people will be guaranteed by preventing the risk of fatal accidents caused by 90 degrees of vertical crossings of ships transiting city lines that travel 500 thousand passengers a day at the same time, it will be possible to increase the share of maritime transport in urban transport.
In this context, the aim of the Istanbul Canal project is:
Preserving the historical and cultural texture of the Bosphorus and increasing its security.
In the Bosphorus, the load generated by sea traffic is primarily reduced and the integrity of the Bosphorus is increased.
Ensuring traffic safety for the Istanbul Strait.
Ensure cruise safety.
Create a new international marine waterway.
Consider a possible earthquake in Istanbul, and create a modern earthquake-resistant residential area based on horizontal architecture.
Structures integrated with the project
In addition to the required facilities and structures for the Istanbul Canal, integrated units will be developed as a component of the project. These structures are as follows:
Kucukcekmece Yacht Port.
Among the buildings that will be built within the scope of the project:
Kucukcekmece Yacht Port: within the boundaries of Kucukcekmece Yacht District in Istanbul Province.
Marmara Container Port: west of the entrance to the Marmara Sea from the canal road, on the coast of Kucukcekmece district in Istanbul province.
Black Sea Container Port: on the coast of Istanbul, Arnavutkoy district on the Black Sea.
The Black Sea entertainment district: west of the entrance to the Black Sea to the Canal Road in Istanbul Province.
Karadeniz Logistics Center: Istanbul Province is located east of the entrance to the Black Sea to the Canal Road.
Some additional facilities and structures will be implemented in order for Canal Istanbul to function properly during the operation phase. These additional facilities and structures are:
Breakwaters in the Black Sea and the Marmara Sea entrance area.
Emergency mooring areas and mooring areas.
Tugs connection areas.
Maintenance stations and operating buildings.
VTS (Ship Traffic System).
Stages of work in Canal Istanbul:
April 27, 2011 / Project description:
The Istanbul Canal project was announced by the President of the Republic, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
2011 – 2013 / Road studies:
Track assessment studies have been conducted with different universities.
2013 – 2014 / Excavations and pre-project works
Excavation works were carried out on the designated route. In view of the obtained geological and geotechnical data, a preliminary track project was established.
2017 – 2019 / Detailed field, laboratory studies and the EIA process:
A total of 17,100 meters of drilling was reached at 304 points with an additional 7,000 meters on land, sea and lake. Geological, geotechnical and hydrogeological studies were performed. Numerical models were created (wind climate and waves, current, water and sediment quality, navigation, earthquakes, tsunamis, traffic etc.).
The channel design was completed in light of the data obtained from these studies. Reports prepared as a result of geological, geotechnical and hydrogeological studies and numerical models laid the basis for the EIA report. The EIA report prepared in light of these data was completed during an 18-month program.
Could Istanbul Canal cause an earthquake?
An earthquake is caused by the tectonic movements of the hundreds of kilometers thick plates that make up the Earth’s crust. A shallow construction of 20.75 meters deep cannot stimulate these blocks of hundreds of kilometers thick. No man-made projects (subways, bridges, malls with deep vaults, etc.) are no different from this.
In addition, there is no active fault line on the Istanbul Canal Road. The North Anatolian Fault Line passes 11 kilometers from the Istanbul Canal, and the Cinarcik Fault Line is 30 kilometers. Therefore, it can be said that the Istanbul Canal cannot cause any seismic movement in terms of the drilling / filling volume and the water volume in the canal.
In addition, in the earthquake emergency analysis within the range of the Istanbul Canal, the period of repeated earthquakes of 2,475 years was examined, the acceleration of the earthquake was calculated according to the largest earthquake that could occur, and the channel was designed according to this acceleration calculation.